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BASICS: Hemp, Marijuana & CBD (Part 1)

May 08, 2020

BASICS: Hemp, Marijuana & CBD (Part 1)

Cannabis sativa is a flowering plant cultivated throughout recorded history and used as a source of industrial fiber, seed oil, food, recreation, religious and spiritual reasons, and medicine. Derived from the Cannabis plant are the two well-known variations: Hemp and Marijuana. Each is different in their own right, producing different effects on the human body.

Hemp:
During the early stages of North American colonization, it was mandatory for farmers to grow hemp. It is an excellent nutritional food source and can survive in harsh environments (long shelf-life in case of famines). The leaves are edible but people usually eat the seeds instead. The seeds are packed with amino acids and essential fatty acids like omega-3 and omega-6 and is also considered one of the best plant protein sources around.

Marijuana:
No need for introductions. This plant has a high amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).  This compound is what is responsible for intoxication and the ‘high’ generated.

CBD
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a cannabinoid, a chemical compound found in cannabis. CBD, unlike THC, is non-intoxicating, meaning that it will not produce a ‘high’. Based on information from The World Health Organization (WHO), CBD is well-tolerated and is not an addictive substance. The more research being conducted on CBD the more it is increasingly being used as an alternative in reducing various symptoms. WHO also says that “CBD is generally well tolerated with a good safety profile. Reported adverse effects may be as a result of drug-drug interactions between CBD and patients’ existing medications.”

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Sources:
https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/5.2_CBD.pdf
https://www.healthline.com/health/cbd-vs-thc#side-effects
https://new.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2018/1691428/
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/317221.php

 


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